Oceans of plastic

Looking after our oceans, rivers, lakes and water supply is vital to the sustainability of our planet.

We're all lost without water to drink and bathe in, so it pays to look after this precious resource.

Yet each year, vast amounts of litter and rubbish, much of it plastic, ends up in our oceans and waterways.

This may be from plastic bottles, wrap, packaging from food and a number of other products.

What is going on in our oceans?

According to National Geographic, there are a number of waterways and areas of the ocean which are completely overwhelmed by rubbish.

For instance, in the northern Pacific Ocean there is a thousand-mile-wide area of decomposing plastic just floating in the sea with nowhere to go. New massive patches of trash are discovered periodically.

There are even 'dead zones' all around the world in streams, bays and estuaries, formed when pollutants such as fertilizers and other chemicals spawn algae that robs water of oxygen and little or no marine life can exist.

As well as this, bags and other plastic items can often end up being eaten by sea mammals or harming them in some other way.

What can you do?

To help ease the effects of this problem, avoid using plastic items such as bags as much as you can, and when you do use them, make sure you dispose of them properly in the correct rubbish collections.

Try swapping out plastic bags at the supermarket for eco friendly reusable bags, and if you drink bottled water, switch to stainless steel drink bottles and fill it up with your own water instead.

This is much more eco friendly as items like disposable water bottles contribute significantly to environmental degradation.

Undertaking some of these steps will help you to have a positive impact on the world around you – how simple is that?